By Asmau Ahmad
A press statement made available by UNICEF to Health Reporters on August 12 has revealed that a support from the European Commission’s European Union has successfully contributed to efforts to contain the spread of the wild polio virus in Ethiopia. It says “Following a robust and aggressive response to the onset of the 2013 Horn of Africa polio outbreak in Ethiopia, the Ministry of Health, partners and frontline workers have worked hard to ensure millions of children have been vaccinated with the polio vaccine,” said Gillian Mellsop, UNICEF Representative to Ethiopia.
“As a result of the response, transmission of the polio virus has been successfully interrupted. This success is due to the tremendous support from the EU and other partners, which has ensured teams on the ground have had the adequate vaccines to immunize and ultimately, protect children against polio and stop the outbreak.”
The statement mentioned that a recent Horn of Africa polio outbreak assessment in June 2015 declared that the transmission of wild poliovirus in Ethiopia and Kenya has now been interrupted, with the last case of wild poliovirus in Ethiopia confirmed almost 19 months ago in January 2014. 11 August 2015 also marks the one-year anniversary of the last reported wild poliovirus case in neighbouring Somalia, and on the entire continent of Africa. The generous €4 million financial contribution, for polio eradication in Horn of Africa, provided Ethiopia and South Sudan with funds for the procurement of the oral polio vaccine to respond to the Horn of Africa polio outbreak. In Ethiopia, a total of 23,873,000 doses of bOPV were procured for four polio supplementary immunization activities (SIAs), in vulnerable, polio high-risk regions such as Somali, Gambella, Benshangul-Gumuz, Afar, Dire Dawa, Harari; in other high-risk zones in the country and refugee camps.
Also it highlighted that the campaigns also included one nation-wide campaign covering all regions which aimed to vaccinate every single child in the country under the age of five years – over 13 million children. This supplementary immunization complemented routine immunization and sought to interrupt circulation of the polio virus by immunizing every child under five years of age with two drops of oral polio vaccine for every round, regardless of previous immunization status. The campaigns, which were carried out in some of Ethiopia’s remotest parts, reaching hard-to reach mobile and pastoral populations, successfully targeted children who were either not immunized, or only partially protected, and boosted the immunity in those who have been immunized. The EU support contributed to regional efforts to interrupt polio and significantly accelerate the global push to eliminate polio. The polio virus can be swiftly transmitted through water or food contaminated with human waste from an infected person. There is no treatment against polio and vaccination remains the vital key to providing life-long protection for children.